They are community-supported through memberships, donations, and volunteers. They can be local, regional, province wide or national in scope, involved in protecting natural, scenic, recreational, agricultural, historic, or cultural property.
An important distinction of land trusts is that they are fundamentally “direct action” organizations rather than environmental advocacy groups. Their main activity is the protection of ecologically important land. There are several types of land trusts such as farmland trusts, community land trusts, historical trusts or land conservation trusts. The latter is the most common type in Canada.
Land Trusts are used in the USA too. Central Park in New York city is land held in trust by the city, for the common good of the people. Here in the 1000 Islands area Thousand Islands Land Trust (TILT) is a “sister” organization protecting lands on the USA side of the St. Lawrence River.